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Home > Understanding Kidney Disease > Kidney Diseases > Hypertensive Nephropathy

Hypertension Kidney Disease

Hypertension Kidney Disease Basic

Hypertension kidney disease is a kidney disorder secondary to high blood pressure.Knowing the basic knowledge about the disease can help the patients control it better.

Causes of hypertension kidney disease

High blood pressure makes the heart work harder, and, over time, can damage blood vessels throughout the body. If the small blood vessels in kidneys can involved, they will cause extra strain on kidneys. Over time, the kidneys will fail gradually.

Symptoms of hypertension kidney disease

In early stage,no symptom is present.Increased urination at night is the frist sign for the patients to see a doctor.As renal function keeps declining further, more symptoms will appear.

-Edema in legs and ankles

-Foamy urine due to loss of proteins in urine

-Elevated creatinine level

-Back pain

Can hypertension kidney disease be prevented?

Not all patients with high blood pressure will develop hypertension kidney disease. If they can keep blood pressure at normal range 130/80mmHg, the risk will be reduced. Then how to control high blood pressure?

*Maintain weight at level close to normal

*Limit daily salt intake to 2g

*Keep drinking in moderation

*Eat fresh fruits and vegetables, grains, and low-fat dairy foods

*Get moderate exercise-at least 30 minutes of moderate activity, most days of the week

How is hypertension kidney disease is diagnosed?

If the kidney damage can be inspected early, it may be reversed. Therefore, early diagnosis is very important for hypertension kidney disease.

Diagnosis of hypertension kidney disease

Physical examination

Swelling appears on the eyelid, ankles and feet.Frequent urination at night is often the first of hypertension kidney disease.Foamy urine can be noticed if there is leakage of protein in urine.


Urine microalbuminuria test. Hypertension can damage renal glomerular cells, so people may have an excess loss of albumin from urine. Microalbuminuria will detect early slight elevation of albumin in urine.

Urine sediment red blood cell counting. Urine sediment red blood cell counting suggests increased amount of red blood cells in urine, and most of the red blood cells are deformity.

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Hypertension Kidney Disease Symptoms

Hypertension kidney disease is one of serious complications of high blood pressure. In early stage, it causes no symptoms. However, as the condition progresses, a host of symptoms will occur.

Increased urination at night

Increased urination at night is the first sign of hypertension kidney disease.This is because renal tubule is the first part which is involved.An important function of renal tubule is concentrating and diluting ability.As the renal tubule is affected, it fails to concentrate urine, thus resulting in increased urination at night.

Severe swelling

Swelling is a sign of hypertension kidney disease. As the renal function decreases, high levels of fluid will build up in body. Retention of fluid can result in swelling firstly in legs and ankles.

Headache and dizziness

Headache and dizziness are commonly among people with high blood pressure, but the condition can become more serious after hypertension kidney disease happens. Besides high blood pressure,another cause of headache and dizziness is renal anemia.

Foamy urine

Foamy urine can occur if there are excessive proteins in urine. The kidneys can filter wastes from body and meanwhile keep useful substances in body. However, if there are high levels of protein in urine, it will cause foamy urine.


Leakage of protein into urine can result in hypoproteinemia.If the levels of protein are too low, it can result in malnutrition.

Elevated creatinine

Elevated creatinine is the result of kidney function decline in hypertension kidney disease.Creatinine is the byproduct of muscle metabolism and it is filtered by kidneys normally. However, when the kidneys fail, high levels of creatinine will occur.

Nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting often occur in advanced stage of hypertension kidney disease.As the kidneys are damaged, high levels of toxins will build up in body.These toxins can irritate the intestine and stomach,resulting in nausea and vomiting.

Hypertension kidney disease occurs among patients with a long history of high blood pressure.If you are experiencing the above symptoms and can not confirm if they are related to kidney problem, you can chat with our online doctor for some suggestions.

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Hypertension Kidney Disease Treatment

Hypertension kidney disease is the result of long-term uncontrolled high blood pressure.If left untreated or treated ineffectively, kidney failure will be the final result. Read on to find the available treatment options for hypertension kidney disease.

Treatment options for hypertension kidney disease

Hypertension kidney disease is a secondary kidney disorder in which long-term high blood pressure causes kidney damage. Hypertension and kidney damage interfere with each other and form a vicious circle.Therefore,the treatment should focus on controlling high blood pressure and revere kidney damage at the same time.

*Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is supposed to be an advanced herbal remedy for hypertension kidney disease.This is an external therapy based on traditional herbal medicine and the medicines can be penetrated into kidney lesion directly through kidney area.The effective medicines can widen blood vessels and correct the microcirculation in kidneys as well as repair the impaired kidney tissues.Therefore,renal function will be enhanced and high blood pressure will be controlled aggressively.

Medicated Bath

Medicated Bath has been used to treat a variety of conditions and aliments up to now.In recent years,it is applied to treat hypertension kidney disease and has showed enormous treatment effects.

Skin is an important excretory organ in our body.A large amount of wastes in our body will be filtered by skin through sweating. Meanwhile,some effective medicines can penetrate into body through open sweat pores.

Based on the patients' condition, different types of herbs are used in it.On one hand,the medicines can improve systemic blood circulation and increase blood supply to kidneys to correct renal ischemia and anoxia.On the other hand,the effective medicines can enter body and stimulate the self-regeneration of impaired kidney tissues.

However,the therapy is not appropriate all patients with hypertension kidney disease.If blood pressure is extremely high, or the patients have dizziness,heart disease etc,they are not allowed to use the therapy. If you are interested in the therapy, you can chat with our online doctor to consult if it is available to you.

Blood Purification

In the advanced stage of hypertension kidney disease,high levels of toxins will build up in body.Blood purification can purify blood by removing all kinds of wastes from body. Thereby, it can create a favorable internal environment for repairing the impaired kidneys.

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Hypertension Kidney Disease Diet﹠Fitness

Hypertension kidney disease is considered to be a silent killer as it often develops asymptomatically. Proper fitness and diet can help preserve renal function and reduce the risk of developing other complications.

Hypertension kidney disease diet

Low sodium: High consumption of sodium can increase retention of fluid and sodium, thus elevating blood pressure further.High blood pressure can further damage kidneys.As a result, a vicious circle forms.In addition, building up of excessive fluid in body can cause swelling.

Low saturated fat:The patients with hypertension kidney disease should cut down saturated fat in their diet.High consumption of saturated fat can elevate cholesterol and lipid levels,thus increasing the risk of blood vessel disease and cardiovascular problems.

Low protein diet:A low-protein diet should be followed by the patients with hypertension kidney disease.The amount of protein intake is based on kidney damage degree. If the patient has protein in urine, the daily recommended protein intake should be 0.6g/kg per body weight.

If you want to know what is recommended protein intake for you, chat with our online doctor for an answer.

High vitamin diet:A high-vitamin diet is recommended to the patient with hypertension kidney disease. As the patients need to follow a restricted diet, it is very likely to cause vitamin deficiency, which can cause a host of health problems. Vegetables and fruits are good sources of vitamin.

Exercise for patients with hypertension kidney disease

Exercise can help the patients in a variety of ways. Exercise can benefit the control of blood pressure.If the patients are overweight,a specific exercise can burn the fat. In a word, proper exercise can improve the overall health condition and delay renal function deterioration. Recommended exercise for the patients with hypertension kidney disease include

There are still many things which need the patients' attention. If the patients are exercising and perspiring heavily,they may need to replace lost fluid,depending on which stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) you have. You can email to and get to know what exercises are good for your condition.

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