kidney disease

kidney disease hospital WeChat

Welcome to join Kidney Patients. This group is a platform for kidney patients from all over the world to discuss their disease so as to find out a solution for their kidney problems. Of course, we have professional renal doctors in the group to help you solve the problem at any time.

Home > Understanding Kidney Disease > Kidney Diseases > Kidney Failure

Kidney Failure

Kidney Failure Basic

kidney failure basics

Kidney failure refers to partial or complete loss of renal function.The following is an overview of kidney disease.Knowing the disease better can help you control the condition better and prolong your kidney health.

What is kidney failure?

Kidney failure refers to partial or complete loss of renal function.As kidneys perform an important function in body,reduced renal function can result in a host of health problems and symptoms like Anemia, fatigue, headache etc.

Types of kidney failure

Kidney failure can be divided into two types including acute and chronic kidney failure.

Acute kidney failure occurs when your kidneys suddenly become unable to filter wast products from your blood. It develops rapidly over a few hours or a few days.

Chronic kidney failure is a progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or years.It is measured in five stages,which calculated using a patient's glomerular filtration rate (GFR). In different stages of chronic kidney failure, the diet and treatment is also various.If you do not know which stage you are in,chat with our online medical professional to get an answer now! (online consultation)

Causes of Kidney Failure

Chronic kidney failure usually occurs as a result of disease or condition which can impair kidney function.It can caus kidney damage to worsen over several months and even years.The following is a list of common causes of chronic kidney failure.

*Diabetes,leading cause of chronic kidney failure

*High blood pressure, the second most common cause

*Glomerulonephritis,a condition in which the filtering units of the kidneys are inflamed

*Genetic kidney disease like polycystic kidney disease (PKD), Alport Syndrome

* Pyelonephritis, recurrent kidney infection

*Prolonged urinary tract obstruction due to enlarged prostate,kidney stones and some cancers

*Vesicoureteral reflux, a condition which can cause urine to back up into kidneys

Acute kidney failure can occur when:

* You have a condition that slows blood flow to your kidneys

* You experience direct damage to your kidneys

* Your kidneys' urine drainage tubes become blocked and wastes can not leave your body through urine

Back Top

Kidney Failure Symptoms

kidney failure symptoms

Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys fail partially or completely.As the kidneys fail to filter toxins and extra fluids from body, it will result in a host of symptoms.

Skin disorders

Skin disorders like skin itching, dry skin, urea frost are commonly seen in kidney failure.Skin itching is mainly due to building of phosphorus in body.Urea frost occurs when the concentration of urea is higher than normal.Dry skin results from reduced function of oil gland.


Anemia is commonly seen in kidney failure.The patients with this condition can experience fatigue, pale face, shortness of breath etc. The impaired kidneys fail to produce EPO which can stimulate the production of red blood cells. In addition, the dangerous levels of wastes in body can shorten the life span of red blood cells.

Changes in urination

The patients may make more or less urine than usual,have urgent urination,changes in urine colors. Foamy urine results from loss of excess protein in urine.Cola-colored urine occurs when their is loss of red blood cells in urine.


The patients with kidney failure can experience swelling in feet, ankles, hands or face. It occurs because the kidneys fail to remove extra fluid from body. Another cause of swelling is low levels of albumin in blood.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure commonly occurs in kidney failure. It is due to building up of excessive fluid in body and stimulation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system( RASS).High blood pressure is a significant accelerator of renal function deterioration.

Poor appetite

Poor appetite, even nausea and vomiting can occur in kidney failure. High building up of wastes can irritate the intestinal tract, thus resulting in poor appetite.Another cause of poor appetite is swelling of intestinal tract and stomach.

The above are the common symptoms of kidney failure. How to control these symptoms should be most concerned issue for you.

Back Top

Kidney Failure Treatment

kidney failure treatment

When the kidneys are not functioning well,high levels of toxins and wastes will build up in body.You have to seek treatment to keep you well and prolong your life span.Some alternative treatments are recommended here.

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is a featured therapy for kidney failure.It is an external therapy based on traditional Chinese herbal medicine.Firstly,Micro-Chinese medicine can dilate blood vessels and improve blood circulation,which can improve micro-circulation in kidneys and provide more nutrients for the impaired nephrons. Secondly,Micro-Chinese medicine has anti-inflammation function and it can suppress inflammatory response in kidneys.Moreover,it can help anti-coagulation and anti-thrombosis.All in all,Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy can stop fibrosis of kidney tissues and prevent progressive renal function deterioration.


Immunotherapy is a systemic therapy,which combines Chinese medicines, western medicines and advanced blood purification technique together. The ultimate purpose of immunotherapy is to help adjust the abnormal immune system and recover the body's self-healing system in body. The treatment process of immunotherapy in treating kidney failure include six treatment steps:scientific tests,blocking immune reaction,immune tolerance, immune regulation, immune protection and immune clearance. If you are wondering more detailed information about each treatment step, you can email to

Medicated Bath

Medicated bath is an external therapy for kidney failure.Our skin is an important excretory organ.When medicated bath is performed,it can open the pores.Some wastes will be filtered out of body through the pores and also some useful substances will enter body.These substances can provide important nutrients for repairing impaired nephrons and improving renal function.

Blood Purification

In kidney failure, high levels of toxins and wastes accumulate in blood, which can further damage kidneys and result in a host of problems. Blood purification can purify blood and remove wastes and toxins from body.

The above are major treatment options for kidney failure. Based on your condition, the treatment plan often involves different treatments. You can chat with our online medical professional and get to know a tailored treatment plan based on your condition.

Back Top

Kidney Failure Diet﹠Fitness

kidney failure diet&fitness

Diet and fitness plays such an important role in treating kidney failure. However, there is no such a diet and fitness plan which fits every patient. There following are some general tips for diet and fitness for kidney failure.

Kidney failure diet

As a kidney patients patient, you are recommended to follow the dietary principles below.

-Take a low-protein diet

-Limit phosphorus and potassium if they are higher than normal

-Avoid foods high in sodium

-Increase consumption of foods high in fiber

As the patient's conditions vary from individual to individual, the diet will also be different. If you want a personalized diet plan, you can email to

How can a special diet help?

A special diet can help control the buildup of waste products and fluid in your blood and to decrease the workload of your kidneys. This diet may also help to slow down the loss of renal function. The main goal of the diet is to keep you healthy. You should consult with a dietitian before you start a dietary regime.

Kidney failure fitness

What is the recommended fitness for people with kidney failure? A personalized fitness plan will be made for you by your doctor based on your basic illness condition.

Why is exercise important for you?

Exercise is important for many reasons:

*Keep blood pressure and blood sugar level under control

*Enhance immunity

*Help lose excess body weight and keep the weight off

*Reduce the risk of bone disease

*Reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and heart disease

There are many types of exercise which can benefit your health, such as walking, jogging, swimming, biking etc.However, it is important for you to choose a right type based on your condition.Your age,physical condition, kidney damage degree etc can determine which type is right for you.You can chat with online medical professional and get to know which type of exercise is a good exercise option for you.

Back Top